Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing  EMDR

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychological therapy which is an extremely effective treatment for adults and children who have had traumatic experiences.


When we think about traumatic incidents, the obvious  ones include  life-threatening combat; crimes such as rape, kidnapping, and assault; natural disasters and a cancer diagnosis. The less obvious ones include the innocuous but upsetting experiences that daily life brings us. Examples would be ongoing emotional abuse or neglect, experiences of shame, humiliation, being left out, bullied or ridiculed and feeling not cared for(Shapiro, 1997).


The effects of trauma can be felt physically and/or psychologically. These symptoms include raw and intrusive thoughts, feelings, pictures, sounds, smells, tastes, and body sensations.


Exposure to traumatic events can become trapped within our memory network on a neurobiological level and are stored in subconscious parts of our brain. Trapped memories can stay stored as sensory memories, that are unavailable to our conscious mind. The memories are stored as sounds, tastes, smells, visual images, feelings and body sensations. EMDR therapy stimulates trapped information stored in the brain and starts  unconscious information processing.Treatment involves alternating left-right stimulation of the brain with eye movements, tactile 'tapping' or sounds. Through treatment, traumatic events become less intense, less immediate, and more like ordinary memories. The traumatic memories are integrated and laid to rest with a sense of completion and contro

For more information about EMDR http://www.emdrassociation.org.uk/home/about_EMDR_therapy.htm

For more information about the Impact of Trauma please click 


EMDR  is one of the treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Post-traumatic-stress-disorder/Pages/Treatment.aspx


EMDR is also increasingly used to help individuals with other issues and performance anxiety. EMDR has been found to be of benefit to children as well as adults. http://www.emdrassociation.org.uk/home/about_EMDR_therapy.htm